Manlio Graziano mondo

Areas of Interest and Specialization

Geopolitics of Religions
International Relations

Contact me

Click here to go directly to Curriculum Vitæ



  • Sorbonne – Paris IV, Formation continue: Geopolitics and Geopolitics of Religions (click here to see the program)
  • American Graduate School for International Relations and Diplomacy (Paris): Geopolitics and Geopolitics of Religions (click here to see the program)
  • SKEMA Business School, MBA (Paris, Sophia Antipolis, Lille, Suzhou): Geopolitics (click here to see the program)
  • Geneva Institute of Geopolitical Studies: Geopolitics of Religions (
  • Université d’Évry: A geopolitical approach to the key problems of the world today. Geopolitics of Religions
  • Mairie de Versailles: A geopolitical approach to the key problems of the world today. Geopolitics of Religion

N.B. The course in Geopolitics of Religions is available for conferences, short teaching contracts, and masters’ courses (click here to see the program, in French)






Some Articles

About Geopolitics of religions

About Italy

About International relations


Some lectures

Geopolitics of religions

  • La géopolitique des religions: le rôle politique de l’Église catholique dans le monde, Centre d’Histoire des Systèmes de Pensée Moderne, Paris I, la Sorbonne, March 10, 2012 (Watch full lecture, in French)
  • Europa, patria della secolarizzazione?, 6th Congress SISSCO "Cantieri di storia", Forlì, September 22, 2011
  • Geopolitica delle religioni, Università di Bologna, Facoltà di Scienze politiche "Roberto Ruffilli", Forlì, April 20, 2011
  • Catholic Identity: From Italy “Catholic Nation” to the “Christian Roots of Europe”, 2nd Conference of the Adriatic Forum, Construction and Deconstruction of Nationalism and Regionalism: A Long Journey to Europe, Trieste, October 1 and 2, 2009
  • The Catholic Church and the “Others” International Conference “Peoples in Migration in the 21st century” Daedalos Institute of Geopolitics, Nicosia, Cyprus, December, 15 and16, 2007
  • La Géopolitique de l’Église catholique International Conference “L’Église dans le monde de ce temps” L’Harmattan, Paris, June 3, 2007

About Italy

  • Italy without Nationhood? Lecture at the Italian Institute of Culture, New York City, September 13, 2011
  • Italie, une identité nationale en question? Lecture at GREPIC, Sciences Po, Paris, November 23, 2010
  • The Failure of Italian Nationhood, Lecture at Stony Brook University (SUNY), Center for Italian Studies:, September 14, 2010
  • Why Fascism Was Not Able to Create an Italian Civil Religion, lecture at the Wolfe Institute, Brooklyn College (CUNY), September 8, 2010
  • L’identità italiana, lecture at CENSIS, Rome, July 16, 2009
  • Un’identità nazionale problematica, Lecture at the Italian Department of the Stockholms universitet, in collaboration with the Italian Institute of Culture, September 10, 2008
  • Geopolitica e geoeconomia nella determinazione della politica estera italiana, XXII Congresso Annuale Società Italiana di Scienza Politica, Pavia, september 4-6, 2008
  • Les « baptêmes de sang » ratés de l’identité italienne Groupe de recherche sur l’Italie contemporaine (GRIC), Centre d’Histoire de Sciences-Po, June 13, 2008
  • An Uncertain National Identity, A State without a Nation Seminary on Cultures, “Politics and Territories: Remapping Identities”, University of Bath, Department of European Studies, Bath, April 29, 2008
  • (Ne pas) enseigner la Nation. Le cas italien International Conference “Enseigner la Nation. Géopolitique des manuels”, CRIMIC Paris IV- La Sorbonne – Maison de la Recherche, June 2, 2005
  • Le problème de l’identité italienne et le « baptême de sang » Centre d’Études et de Recherches sur la culture italienne contemporaine (CERCIC), Grenoble, February 4, 2005
  • Il paradosso identitario italiano Italia e Europa : dalla cultura nazionale all’interculturalismo International Conference A.I.P.I., Krakow, August 27, 2004
  • L’Italie et la contrainte européenne Maison d’Europe de Montpellier, December 5, 2003
  • Pour essayer de comprendre les nouveaux phénomènes de la politique italienne, Sciences Po, May 28, 2002

International relations

  • The Crisis in Ukraine: A Geopolitical Interpretation, American Graduate School in Paris, May 27, 2014
  • The “Arab Spring”: Geopolitics and/or Democracy, American Graduate School in Paris Issue Roundup, November 29, 2012
  • Political Illusions and Geopolitical Realities. Assessment and Perspectives on The Post-Arab Spring Situation, International Centre for Geopolitical Studies (I.C.G.S.), 8th Annual Summer University Course, Geneva, July 11, 2012
  • The Geopolitical Impact of the 2008 Crisis, American Graduate School of International Relations and Diplomacy, Paris, April 20, 2010
  • Geopolitical Aspects of Societal Development and Economic Crisis, Social Reporting in Europe 2010, Villa Vigoni (Como), March 15, 2010
  • L’Asie, nouveau barycentre des relations internationales Paris IV – La Sorbonne, March 3, 2005
  • Le développement chinois et la mondialisation, Paris I - La Sorbonne, March 11, 2004
  • Les relations internationales du partage de Yalta à la troisième guerre du Golfe, Paris I - La Sorbonne, February 14, 2003
  • Les enjeux politiques du Golfe Persique, Paris I - La Sorbonne, November 22, 2002
  • La barbarie civilisée des temps modernes, Paris I - La Sorbonne, October 17, 2001
  • La synthèse pluraliste américaine, Paris I - La Sorbonne, December 14, 2000

Lectures about the book “Il secolo cattolico”

  • Associazione Stampa Estera, Roma, October 8, 2010, with Francis X. Rocca, Lucio Caracciolo, and Marco Politi
  • Biblioteca Astense, December 22, 2010
  • La Libreria, rue Poissonnière, Paris, February 9, 2011
  • Libreria Feltrinelli, via Manzoni, Milan, February 15, 2011, with Sergio Romano

Lectures about the book “Italia senza nazione?”

  • Piazza Italia, Istituto Italiano di Cultura di Washington DC, Palisades Library, April 10, 2008
  • Biblioteca Astense, Asti, December 18, 2007
  • Libreria Bibli, Roma, November 28, 2007, with Luciano Cafagna, Lucio Caracciolo, Giuseppe Sacco and David Willey
  • Université Paris I – La Sorbonne, March, 27, 2007
  • Université François Rabelais, Tours, March 14, 2007


Some interviews



Curriculum vitæ

English version 



  • Doctorate in Italian Studies, 2004, Stendhal University Grenoble III, mention très bien avec félicitations unanimes du Jury
  • Certification from the Conseil national des Universités, 2005, in History and Italian
  • Master’s degree in Foreign language and Modern literature from the Univesity of Turin, 1982, 110 e lode

Professional experiences


  • 2011 Fall – American Graduate School in Paris : Geopolitics and Geopolitics of Religions
  • 2008 - 2012 Paris IV – La Sorbonne: Geopolitics and Geopolitics of Religions
  • 2008-2012 Course in geopolitics: Les problèmes sensibles du monde d’aujourd’hui. Une approche géopolitique. La géopolitique des religions, Université inter-âges de Versailles, Université d’Évry, Mairie de Melun
  • 2006-2008 École supérieure de traductions et de relations internationales de Lyon: Italian issues
  • April-June 2007 Luiss University, Roma (short contract): International Economic Policy
  • Courses in Italian History, Politics and Civilization : Universities of Paris III Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris X Nanterre, Lyon II, Grenoble III, Tours (2000-2010)
  • Teacher of French Language and Literature in Italy (1984-1999)


  • 2008 to present - Observatoire géopolitique des espaces nationaux et internationaux, Paris IV, La Sorbonne
  • Member of the editorial staff for the geopolitical journals Outre-Terre (Paris) et Geopolitical Affairs (London)
  • Director of Antonio Labriola Documentation Center, Turin (1994-1999)


  • 2000 to present - Centro di studi giuridici e sociali Italo Baldelli (Milan)
  • 2008 to present - BonMot - Multilingual Communication (Paris)
  • 2003-2004 Institut d’études sociologiques Sociovision-Cofremca (Paris)



  • The International Spectator, foreign policy journal edited by the Istituto Affari Internazionali in Rome and published by Routledge (Taylor & Francis, UK), refereeing for the article Italy’s policy towards the Middle East, July 2007
  • Économie appliquée, refereeing for the article Mafia et capitalisme: dix thèses sur la nature et les transformations de l’entreprise mafieuse, June 2005.



Il Secolo CattolicoIl secolo cattolico. La strategia geopolitica della Chiesa
Giuseppe Laterza editore, Rome, September 2010

This book studies how the Catholic Church is equipping itself to become one of the major players in 21st-century international relations. The text examines the milestones since Vatican II in the construction of a deliberate strategy whose aim is to place religion at the epicenter of public life, laying particular stress on the decline of the nuclear family, contraception, abortion, and homosexuality, as well as on questions related to immigration. The Church, while insisting rigidly on the moral nature of these issues, has provided some answers to the multifaceted “crisis of modernity”. These answers have enabled it to halt its decline, which had been in progress for some two centuries. Moreover, the Church's intransigence on these matters has enabled it to propose to the other great world religions what Benedict XVI called an “alliance of civilizations”. Thanks to its 2000 years of experience, its global network and, first and foremost, its rigid organization, the Church can well seek, in the decades to come, the role of “moral broker” within the single states as well as on the international stage.

To read the introduction of Lucio Caracciolo and the table of contents, click here


The Failure of Italian Nationhood: The Geopolitics of a Troubled Identity
Palgrave Macmillan, New York City, September 2010

FailureThis book explains Italy’s endless political instability and its historical, cultural and economic roots. It also illustrates why, even after the creation of the Italian state, Italy was never really unified. Piero Gobetti described fascism once as the “autobiography” of the Italian nation. This book explains why today it is possible to describe “berlusconism” – a cultural, political and social phenomenon in Italy– as the most recent version of this country’s autobiography.


“Silvio Berlusconi’s Italy is heir to a long and convoluted history. Manlio Graziano navigates nimbly through this labyrinth and suggests why the country has again fallen easy victim to weak government and feeble institutions.”--David Willey, BBC Rome Correspondent

“This is a rich and erudite book. It makes an important and interdisciplinary contribution to the debate on ‘the absence of an Italian nation’ on which it builds and carries forward. Manlio Graziano has managed to weave a thick and rich cloth on which he has also set various shiny pearls.”--Osvaldo Croci, Professor, Department of Political Science, Memorial University, Canada

“A very informative and enlightening study about a country often discussed, rarely understood.”--Sergio Romano, historian, columnist, and author of Vademecum di storia dell’Italia unita

“Manlio Graziano lucidly diagnoses the problem of Italian national identity as both anomalous and inextricably rooted in its European context. His fluent and richly informed book has important implications for our broader understanding of nationhood in a globalized world.”--Francis X. Rocca, Vatican Correspondent, Religion News Service

To read the introduction and the table of contents, click here


Italia senza nazione? Geopolitica di un’identità problematica
Donzelli editore, Rome, October 2007

It is very difficult to try to explain contemporary Italy and its political trends to foreigners. This is the reason why foreign observers sometimes give up on really understanding Italian politics and instead take the shortcut of the mockery, pointing out this or that political phenomenon that looks particularly mindless. The desire of foreigners to reach a deeper understanding of Italy is one of the reasons that this book has attracted so much interest.
Published in France in February 2007, in order to introduce the French public to the mysteries of our political life, this book, in its new Italian edition, travels through the contradictions and specificities of Italy within the broader theme of the “geopolitics of the national identity”. An identity that is still foggy, as Italians have generally been excluded from any nation building, which has been much more the product of external forces. A “national interest” has never been clearly identified to bring together the passions, the imagination and the aspirations of the masses.
Trasformism, which has been the constant practice of Italian political life, is both a cause and byproduct of the weakness, fragmentation and heterogeneity of the country’s ruling classes. The lack of a “general line” to guide politics has forced, and continues to force, these ruling classes, if they want to stay in power, to become parasites, taking advantage of the relations between the great powers. Italy’s leadership has thus become a restless pawn of international powers, and has always been quick to fill the gaps and to create new niches for its various interests.
Therefore, this book is not only a history, but also a search for the infinite links among all the forces involved in the long, rough and, according to the author, never really accomplished process of the construction of the Italian nation.

(Italian edition back cover. October 2007)

To read the table of contents, click here


L’Italie. Un État sans nation? Géopolitique d’une identité nationale incertaine
ERES, Ramonville, February 2007

To understand how Silvio Berlusconi could twice become Italian Prime Minister, one should not study the life and works of the “Cavaliere”, one should study Italy.
The nation that lives on the territory of the Peninsula can afford many autobiographies: Fascism was one; the don Camillo and Peppone’s – where a sense of belonging to two different “subcultures” prevailed over the sense of national community – was another; “berlusconism” is yet another. To understand what distinguishes these different Italies, it is first of all necessary to understand what links them.
The author undertakes to follow, from the birth of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861, the history of the problems that the country’s various ruling classes had to face: fragmentation, legacies of the past, mafias and local fiefdoms, the influence of the Church and constant subordination to the interests of the great powers. The difficulty in identifying a national interest explains the failure of any attempt to give to Italians a national identity.
This account of contemporary Italy is not limited to a description of the phenomena, but identifies some key concepts in order to understand the principal constants and the few major changes that characterized Italy from 1861 until the end of the “berlusconian” era and the very short center-left electoral victory in April 2006. A rapid retrospective glance enables us to observe the roots of the many specificities of Italian life in the former history of the Peninsula.

(French edition back cover. January 2007)

To read the introduction and the conclusion (in French), and to check the table of contents, click here


Identité italienne et identité catholique. L’Italie laboratoire de l’Église
L’Harmattan, Paris, January 2007

Dans le but de faire de l’Italie une « nation catholique », l’Église a combattu d’abord farouchement l’État unitaire, puis a accepté des compromis de plus en plus importants avec celui-ci, a consenti à la naissance du Parti populaire, lui a ensuite tourné ostensiblement le dos, a eu un rapport aussi intense que tumultueux avec le fascisme avant de l’abandonner dans la boue où il était tombé, a rêvé d’un État franquiste, a soutenu activement la Démocratie chrétienne et aujourd’hui que la DC n’existe plus, elle se trouve, selon une opinion largement partagée, plus libre et plus influente qu’elle ne l’a jamais été.
Mais aujourd’hui l’Italie n’est plus le rempart ultime de la civilisation chrétienne, à supposer qu’il y ait eu au Vatican un moment où l’on ait songé à faire jouer à la Péninsule un rôle purement défensif. L’Italie est « le point de départ de la mission universelle de la papauté », le modèle, l’exemple, l’archétype de la « nouvelle évangélisation », et les thèmes soulevés aujourd’hui en Italie sont les thèmes sur lesquels l’Église catholique mènera ses campagnes dans les années à venir, en Europe et dans le monde entier.

(dalla quarta di copertina)

To read the introduction and the conclusion (in French), and to check the table of contents, click here

L’Italie aujourd’hui. Situation et perspectives après le séisme des années quatre-vingt-dix (under his direction)
L’Harmattan, Parigi, 2004

Essays by Bruno Bongiovanni, Sabino Cassese, Valerio Castronovo, Manlio Graziano, Michèle Merger, Christophe Mileschi, Vera Negri Zamagni, Gianfranco Pasquino, Paolo Rampini, Sergio Romano, Alberto Toscano. Introduction by Daniela Verdura Rechenmann.
Manlio Graziano’s Essay : « Trois idées sur les mutations de la vie politique italienne »
Ce texte présente quelques-unes des causes ayant concouru à la crise politique italienne des années quatre-vingt-dix, avec une attention particulière pour la « crise fiscale » qui a investi le pays à partir de la seconde moitié des années quatre-vingt, et pour la rapide accélération du processus européen qui a imposé des changements structurels à la structure productive du pays. Il établit ensuite un rapport entre ces facteurs de crise et les changements qui sont intervenus dans le système politique italien à partir de la rupture de 1992-1996.

Texts written for the Antonio Labriola Documentation Center:

Le radici culturali, politiche ed economiche dell’Europa, da Bisanzio all’euro (April 1998)

La storia è oggi (Textbook on world history from 1945 to 1996, January 1997)


Images created for the Lecture “An Uncertain National Identity, A State Without a Nation”, Bath, April 29, 2008 (click to enlarge)

Weight of regions in the Italian governments. Lega Nord, (Northern League) April 2008

* * *

Images created for the Lecture « La Géopolitique de l’Église catholique », Paris, June 3, 2007 (click to enlarge)

Catholics in the world
(absolute figures)
Relative power of Catholics
in various countries
Number of Cardinals by country
(November 2007)

Figures 2005-27, elaborated from the Church Yearbook and the website